The crisis in Ukraine seems to be escalating on a weekly, if not daily, basis. One would ask what the fate of Crimea and other regions with conflict of interest will be, since Russia has chosen to shift their focus on those regions.
This crisis can be traced to the agreement signed by the Ukrainian government with the European Union back in the fall of 2013.
It was not just a trade agreement, but also a political agreement that committed Ukraine to adhere to certain European values and principles which were against the principle of the people who see themselves as Russians staying in specific regions of Ukraine.
After that, the crisis moved very quickly to corruption and regime change. There were demonstrations happening in waves. And it started primarily in Kiev. Â The activist who started this didn’t want to delegate all powers to politicians, but wanted their voices heard in the discussion. Then, men started volunteering to enter into the military self ”“ defence unit, to move against the government.
Everyone who knows Ukraine knows that it has three regions: the centre including Kiev, the west which is much smaller, and the south east region. These regions have experienced relative peace until Russia decided to annex Crimea.
Russia’s recent annexing of Crimea can be traced to history. There is a general understanding of nineteen century Russian history before Ukraine became an independent nation. The historians created this model that has Russia history beginning from Kiev.
Centuries ago, most parts of Ukrain were under the leadership of Russia; excerpt for those in the west. This is why for most Russians; Kiev is in a foreign country. It’s a historical misunderstanding to have it belong to Ukraine. It’s a bizarre notion that the 1991 map shows Ukraine no longer in Russia. So to many Russians, annexing Crimea is simply repairing a historical wrong.
Many Ukrainians have adopted this Russian mentality as their own too. They want to be urban and sophisticated, learn Russian, and drop their Ukrainian accent.
As always, there is no consensus about what will happen next. The population in Crimea is mixed, with Tatars (Turkic ethnic groups), Ukrainians, and Russians all living together. It is unclear how Russia is going to handle Crimea, given the shifting demographics.
This has awakened confrontations making Russians move into western Ukraine where there has been confrontation and provocations of war.
Ukraine and Russia both signed the Minsk agreement in 2103. The agreement was signed after extensive talks in Minsk, Belarus, under the auspices of the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE).
Today, the war is taking a new dimension as Petro Poroshenko the President of Ukraine has called for Russia to be stripped of its UN Security Council veto, calling the country a “challenge to the democratic world” with “deadly new imperial ambitions”. This, he said, is due to his interest is to align Ukraine with Europe. On the other hand, Vladimir Putin, Russia’s president, blamed NATO expansion and a western-planned military coup for sparking the war in Ukraine – but reiterated Russian commitment to the Minsk peace process.
Interestingly, most Ukrainians want to align themselves with Europe and not Russia. But Russia wants to claim back her lost origin. The execution of the Minsk agreement may not be kept because the root of the problem has not been dealt with.